The term “inner game” was coined in the mid-70’s by tennis athlete and coach Tim Gallway. Tim’s first book “The Inner Game Of Tennis” was not about technique and figuring out your opponent’s strategy, but rather figuring out how your own internal, or inner game world, works either for you or against you. On his website he writes:
“Every game is composed of two parts, an outer game and an inner game. The former is played against opponents, and is filled with lots of contradictory advice; the latter is played not against, but within the mind of the player, and its principal obstacles are self-doubt and anxiety.”
Tim was well ahead of his time by studying and experimenting with the mind.
After all, at this point in our history, mindfulness and meditation was not mainstream, and the knowledge and science that we have today around the brain’s capacity to change, heal and grow – what we now know as neuroplasticity – was pretty much non-existent. He devoted his skills and experiments to the study of the mind, its connection to the body and eventually developed an internal “inner game” process to enhance awareness of the person involved as well as how the person interacted with their environment, which in this case was the tennis ball and tennis racquet.
Of course, this concept of inner game caught on like wildfire in the sports psychology world! He then proceeded to write other books for skiing, golf and even music. A natural progression then occurred as he dipped into the inner game of stress and the inner game of work. Knowing what we do today about the effects of stress on workplace productivity, not to mention the new science of psychoneuroimmunology, which is essentially the study of our mind and how it affects our body’s neurophysiology and immunity, we can really see that he was on to something.
This is where the *new* inner game comes in.
Let’s say you have a deep belief that you can’t succeed in the business you are working on. Maybe you have reached some kind of an upper-limit problem and you can’t break through on a specific project, or article you are writing.
Another example could be with your health goals – you know you want to lose those ten pounds or get out for walks daily because you know it makes you feel better, but something stops you dead in your tracks and you procrastinate.
Perhaps you constantly self-sabotage yourself and make stupid careless mistakes that you know how to avoid and you even see yourself doing it, but you do it because deep down you are afraid to succeed, be seen and get attention.
Although these examples are varied, they show a desire to succeed in some walk of life, a desire that is in some way thwarted by internal struggles. Typical, inner game coaching might explore the beliefs and thoughts about your capacity to move forward to get to your goal and the exploration would be in the awareness of those beliefs and thoughts and changing them to have a different representation in your mindset.
This can work and it does work for some. For some it works initially, but then a month later, or a year later those same issues are still lingering and festering in the person’s psyche.
Here are the missing elements to this equation…
Many of these thought-based patterns that are embedded in our psyche are the result of past experiences that typically involved other people and their negative perceptions of us, which were often accompanied by some kind of body-based reaction that involved wanting to fight, flee, freeze, or all three (fight, flight, freeze) – especially if these negative projections came from a care provider or close peer group.
Creating shifts in our mindset, meaning our self-talk statements that stem from our limiting and harmful beliefs, is usually addressed via inner game work that is cognitive. Meaning: it is highly thought-based.